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SEVILLE / SEVILLA, ANDALUSIA

SpainAndaluciaAndalusiaAndaluciaAlmeriaAndalusiaCadizAndalusiaCordobaAndalusiaGranadaAndalusia
HuelvaAndalusiaJaenAndalusiaMalagaAndalusiaSeville


Seville is a province of southern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Málaga, Cádiz, Huelva, Bajadoz, and Córdoba.

Its area is 14,042 km². Its population is 1,758,720 (2002), of whom 40% live in the capital, Seville, and its population density is 125.25/km² It contains 105 municipalities.

See List of municipalities in Seville.

The province shares the Parque Nacional de Doñana with Huelva province.

Seville has a warm oceanic climate with an annual average temperature of 18.5 ºC and average rainfall of 650 liters/year. Winters are generally mild and summers very warm. The maximum temperatures in summer often surpass 40ºc. The locality of Écija is popularly known as the “Frying pan of Andalusia” for its torrid summers.

Seville is the 4th most populated province in Spain and the 1st in Andalusia with 1.868.343 inhabitants in 2008 (INE). The province of Seville generates 1.92% of the Spanish hotel movement.

The city of Seville is without doubt in the forefront of tourism in Andalusia, situated only behind Barcelona and Madrid on a national level. In the rest of the province, tourism is not sufficiently developed.

Seville is also the capital of Seville province. It is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain. It is the capital of Andalusia and of the province of Seville. It is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir, with an average elevation of 7 metres (23 ft) above sea level. The inhabitants of the city are known as Sevillanos (feminine form: Sevillanas) or Hispalenses. The population of the city of Seville was 699,145 as of 2007 (INE estimate). The population of the metropolitan area (urban area plus satellite towns) was 1,450,214 as of 2007 (INE estimate), ranking as the fourth largest metropolitan area of Spain.

Seville is more than 2,000 years old. The passage of the various people instrumental in its growth has left the city with a distinct personality, and a large and well-preserved historical centre.

The city was known from early Roman times as Hispalis. The nearby Roman city of Italica is well-preserved and gives an impression of how Hispalis may have looked in the later Roman period. Existing Roman features in Seville include the remnants of an aqueduct.

After successive conquests of the Roman province of Hispania Baetica by the Vandals and Visigoths, in the 5th and 6th centuries, the city was taken by the Moors in 712 and became an important centre in Muslim Andalusia. It remained under Muslim control, under the authority of the Umayyad, Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, until falling to Fernando III in 1248. The city retains many Moorish features, including large sections of the city wall.

Following the Reconquest, the city's development continued, with the construction of public buildings including churches, many in Mudéjar style. Later, the city experienced another golden age of development brought about by wealth accumulating from the awarding of a monopoly of trade with the Spanish territories in the New World. After the silting up of the Guadalquivir, the city went into relative economic decline.

Seville's development in the 19th and 20th centuries was characterised by population growth and increasing industrialisation.

Seville fell very quickly to General Franco's troops near the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 due to its proximity to the invasion force coming from Morocco. After the initial takeover of the city, resistance continued amongst the working class areas for some time, until a series of fierce reprisals took place.

Map of Seville:



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