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HAWAII

My YOUTUBE video of HAWAII

Places that I visited Hawaii:

Akaka falls State Park

Kolekole beach park

World botanical gardens

Laupahoehoe

Puuhonua honaunau National Historic Park

Waipio Valley

White sand beach Hapuna

Meeting con amigos hawaiianos y californianos

Green sand beach

Liliuokalani gardens, Hilo

Wailoa river State Park, Hilo

Umauma falls

Hawaii tropical botanical garden

Scenic route

Lua Hawaian show

Mauna kea State Park

Rainbow falls State Park

Cementerio

Lava del kilauea en el Volcanoes National Park

Lava tree State Park

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Costa de Volcanoes National Park

Black Sands Beach





Hawaii is a state in the United States, located on an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia. The state was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959, making it the 50th state. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oahu. The most recent census puts the state's population at 1,283,388.

Tourist Map Hawaii

This state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, which is made up of hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight "main islands" are (from the northwest to southeast) Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lānai, Kahoolawe, Maui, and Hawaii. The last is by far the largest, and is often called the "Big Island" or "Big Isle" to avoid confusion with the state as a whole. This archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania.

The earliest habitation supported by archaeological evidence dates to the 4th century, probably by Polynesian settlers from the Marquesas, followed by a second wave of migration from Raiatea and Bora Bora in the 11th century. The first recorded European contact with the islands was in 1778 by British explorer James Cook. Hawaii is one of four U.S. States that were independent prior to becoming part of the U.S.: the Vermont Republic, 1791; the Republic of Texas, 1845; the California Republic, 1846; and Hawai`i. Of these, Hawai`i and Texas were the only ones with formal international diplomatic recognition. The Kingdom of Hawaii existed from 1810 until 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown by native born Hawaiians of American ancestry. It was an independent republic from 1894 until 1898, when it was annexed by the United States, becoming a territory in 1900, and a state in 1959.

The 1778 arrival of British explorer James Cook is usually taken to be Hawaii's first contact with European explorers. Cook named the islands the Sandwich Islands in honor of one of his sponsors, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. He published the islands' geographical coordinates and reported the native name as Owyhee. This spelling lives on in Owyhee County, Idaho, after three Hawaiian members of a trapping party killed in that area.

Cook visited the islands twice. During his second visit in 1779, he attempted to abduct the King of the Big Island of Hawaii, Kalaniōpuu, and hold him as ransom for the return of a ship's boat that was taken by a minor chief and his men, a tactic that had worked for Cook in Tahiti and other islands. Kalaniōpuu and his supporters fought back and Cook and four Marines were killed as Cook's party retreated to the beach and launched their boats.

After Cook's visit and the publication of several books relating his voyages, the Hawaiian islands received many European visitors: explorers, traders, and eventually whalers who found the islands a convenient harbor and source of supplies. Early British influence can be seen in the design of the local Flag of Hawaii which has the British Union Jack in the corner.

These visitors introduced diseases to the once-isolated islands and the Hawaiian population plunged precipitously because native Hawaiians had no resistance to influenza, smallpox, and measles, among others. During the 1850s, measles killed a fifth of Hawaii's people.

During the 1780s and 1790s chiefs were often fighting for power. After a series of battles that ended in 1795 and forced cession of the island of Kauai in 1810, all inhabited islands were subjugated under a single ruler who became known as King Kamehameha the Great. He established the House of Kamehameha, a dynasty that ruled the kingdom until 1872.

Missionaries to Hawaii in the 1800s converted many Hawaiians to Christianity. Their influence led Kamehameha II to end many ancient practices, and Kamehameha III was the first Christian king. A famous and beloved missionary was Father Damien, a Catholic priest who helped bring order and hope to the isolated leper colony on the island of Molokai. Other well-remembered missionaries included Protestant Hiram Bingham I and Joseph F. Smith of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Other missionaries are not remembered as fondly. A number who came to Hawaii during this period took a more earthly view of the islands and their people, and over the years began to influence politics and society. Some abandoned their calling to seek commercial fortune. To this day, when a person who was born in Hawaii calls someone a "missionary," it is considered an insult. A famous phrase has it that "The Protestants came to the islands to do good, and they did right well".

The death of the bachelor King Kamehameha V—who did not name an heir—resulted in the popular election of Lunalilo over Kalākaua. Lunalilo died after only one year and 25 days in office, also without naming an heir. Perhaps "the People's King" (Lunalilo) wanted the people to choose his successor as they had chosen him. 1874 featured a contested election by the legislature in 1874 between Kalākaua and Emma. This led to riots and the landing of U.S. and British troops to keep the peace, and governance passed to the House of Kalākaua.

In January 1893, Queen Liliuokalani was replaced by a Provisional Government composed of members of the Committee of Safety. Controversy filled the following years as the queen tried to re-establish her throne. The administration of President Grover Cleveland commissioned the Blount Report, which concluded that the removal of Liliuokalani was illegal. The U.S. Government first demanded that Queen Liliuokalani be reinstated, but the Provisional Government refused. Congress responded to Cleveland's referral with another investigation, and submitted the Morgan Report by the U.S. Senate on February 26, 1894, which found all parties with the exception of the queen "not guilty" from any responsibility for the overthrow. The accuracy and impartiality of both the Blount and Morgan reports has been questioned by partisans on both sides of the historical debate over the events of 1893.

In 1993, a joint Apology Resolution regarding the overthrow was passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton, apologizing for the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom. It is the first time in American history that the United States government has apologized for overthrowing the legitimate government of a sovereign nation.

In the 1950s the power of the plantation owners was finally broken in a non-violent revolution by descendants of immigrant laborers. Because they were born in a U.S. territory, they were legal U.S. citizens. The Hawaii Republican Party, strongly supported by plantation owners, was voted out of office. The Democratic Party of Hawaii dominated politics for 40 years. Expecting to gain full voting rights, Hawaii's residents actively campaigned for statehood.

In March 1959, Congress passed the Hawaii Admission Act and U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed it into law. On June 27 of that year, a referendum asked residents of Hawaii to vote on the statehood bill. Hawaii voted 17 to 1 to accept. There has been criticism, however, of the Statehood plebiscite because the only choices were to accept the Act or to remain a territory, without the option of independence or addressing the legality of the overthrow. Despite the criticism, the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization later removed Hawaii from the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.

After statehood, Hawaii quickly modernized via construction and rapidly growing tourism economy. Later, state programs promoted Hawaiian culture. The Hawaii State Constitutional Convention of 1978 incorporated programs such as the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to promote indigenous language and culture.


SPANISH:

En esta sección podrás encontrar todo lo relacionado con mi viaje a Hawaii e intentaré dejarte la máxima información valiosa posible para que puedas planear tu viaje de la mejor manera.

Yo estuve una semana y tan solo fui a la Gran Isla. Hice esta elección, por que es la que más diversidad tiene, ya que puedes encontrar tanto selva, como playas, el volcan más activo del mundo y también el más alto, puedes encontrar también la única playa de arena verde del mundo, y puedes bucear al igual que en el resto de las islas.

Por otra parte también es una isla que no se encuentra muy explotada desde el punto de vista turistico, incluso en ocasiones cuesta encontrar algunos lugares si no tienes un buen mapa asi que aqui te dejo el que yo use para moverme por la isla.

Tourist Map Hawaii


Una recomendación que te hago, es que si vas por varios dias, y piensas reservar hotel, hazlo la mitad del tiempo en el este de la isla y la otra mitad en el oeste para que no estes moviendote todo el rato como me paso a mi. Otra opción si eres un poco más despreocupado, hippy o como quieras llamarle, o simplemente te gusta la aventura, acampada, o lo que sea, el caso es que tienes la opción de acapada libre, que siempre es una buena opción.


Lugares que visite en Hawaii:

Akaka falls State Park

Kolekole beach park

World botanical gardens

Laupahoehoe

Puuhonua honaunau National Historic Park

Waipio Valley

White sand beach Hapuna

Meeting con amigos hawaiianos y californianos

Green sand beach

Liliuokalani gardens, Hilo

Wailoa river State Park, Hilo

Umauma falls

Hawaii tropical botanical garden

Scenic route

Lua Hawaian show

Mauna kea State Park

Rainbow falls State Park

Cementerio

Lava del kilauea en el Volcanoes National Park

Lava tree State Park

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Costa de Volcanoes National Park

Black Sands Beach



March 2008

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