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LJUBLJANA, SLOVENIA

When I did my second interrail I flew from Madrid to Milan, and I took a train directly to Ljubljana, so my first destination this time was Ljubljana. I had a good time there, and I have some funny anecdotes like when a was waiting for a train in the Ljubljana train station, at 2 am because was the time that the train past throw Ljubljana, to go Budapest a homeless came to offer me cartons to sleep.


I was sleeping in a hostel named Zeppeling Hostel, was cheap an overall was in the city center, if you are interesting the address of this Hostel is: Slovenska cesta 47. If you want to eat fresh food I recommend you to go to the farmer market in the city center.















Ljubljana is the largest city and capital of Slovenia. It is located in the center of the country and has a population of 278,638 according to a 2007 census. Ljubljana is regarded as the cultural, scientific, economic, political and administrative center of Slovenia. The city is divided into several quarters, formerly municipalities, which also correspond to the main electoral constituencies of the city: Šiška, Bežigrad, Vič, Moste, and Center.














Its transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific and research institutions and industrial tradition are contributing factors to its leading economic position. Ljubljana is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies and all government ministries of Slovenia. It is also the seat of Parliament and of the Office of the President.














Linguists disagree as to where the name Ljubljana comes from. A close similarity to the Slovenian word ljubljena, or "beloved", is generally thought to be coincidental. Although the name could have evolved from the Latin term for a flooding river, alluviana, some believe the source of the present-day name is Laburus, a deity from old Slavic mythology and supposed patron of the original settlement. Other linguists reconstruct an earlier Lablana, rejecting both a Latin or Slavic source, but without settling on an etymology.















Laibach , the German name for the city, derives from Laibach (and also possibly Laubach), meaning "a lukewarm brook" in German; lai ("tepid") + bach ("brook"). Its Italian name Lubiana is a hybrid rendering of the Latin and German versions. These names are important for historical reasons. The name Laibach was popularized again during the 1980s by the experimental music group Laibach.














The use of the German name was discouraged in Slovenia after 1918 and became especially controversial during the Second World War, when the Nazis tried to implement a violent Germanization policy in most parts of German-occupied Slovenia. Nowadays most Germans use the term Ljubljana. On the other hand, Laibach is still widely used especially in Austria and southern Germany, as well as by the German embassy in Ljubljana.














Ljubljana and its surrounding area have been populated since ancient times. The earliest known settlements, in the Bronze Age, consisted of wooden houses erected on stakes (palafitos).














The Roman settlement Emona (full name: Colonia Iulia Aemona) was built in AD 15 by the Legio XV Apollinaris. In AD 452, Aemona was sacked and devastated by the Huns, led by Attila.

The first records mentioning Ljubljana date to 1144 (referred to by its German name Laibach) and 1146 (by its Latin name, Luwigana).














The settlement received town rights in 1220, and in 1335 came under Habsburg rule, lasting until 1918. During this time Ljubljana was the capital of the duchy of Carniola. Ljubljana also became the seat of a diocese in 1461 and developed into a Slovenian cultural center during the late Middle Ages.














The Habsburg rule was shortly interrupted by the Napoleonic wars, and between 1809 and 1813 Ljubljana was the capital of the French Illyrian provinces. From 1816 to 1849 Ljubljana was the capital of the Kingdom of Illyria, one of the administrative units of the Austrian Empire. In 1821 the city hosted the Congress of Laibach. Ljubljana witnessed the first train arriving from Vienna in 1849 and the railway connected it with Trieste in 1857. During the second part of the 19th century, Ljubljana emerged as the undisputed cultural center of the Slovene Lands, after some initial rivaly with Klagenfurt.















November 2006

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