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Jaén is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Córdoba, Ciudad Real, Albacete, and Granada. Its capital is Jaén city.

Its area is 13,484 km². Its population is 657,387 (2003), of whom just about one-sixth live in the capital, and its population density is 48.01/km². It contains 97 municipalities.

See List of municipalities in Jaén.

Although it is one of the least known provinces of Spain, it has many interesting sights. Jaén has four national parks (one of them the size of whole region of La Rioja), among many other protected natural areas. The province also contains two important Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza. These two cities have been recently declared Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO. Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas

The annual chess tournament held in Linares attracts many of the world's best players.

Jaén is one of the larger producer of olive oil in the world. It produces around 60% of all Spanish production.

Jaén is also a city, the capital of Jaen Province, the name is probably derived from the Arabic word Jayyan, (crossroads of caravans). It is the capital of the province of Jaén. It is located in the autonomous community of Andalusia. The inhabitants of the city are known as Jiennenses. Its population is 117,540 (2006), about 1/6 of the population of the province. In the last years Jaén has had a great increase of cultural tourism. Jaén is also known as the World Capital of Olive Oil, because it's the biggest producer of this liquid gold (as the locals refer to it). The urbanism of Jaén is determined by its adjustment to the hills of the Santa Catalina mountains, with steep, narrow streets, in the historical central city district. The city of Jaén is the administrative and industrial centre for the province. Industrial establishments in the city include chemical works, tanneries, distilleries, cookies factories and textile factories.

Map of Jaen:

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