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CHIYODA, TOKYO, JAPAN

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Chiyoda is one of the 23 special wards in central Tokyo, Japan. In English, it calls itself Chiyoda City. As of October 2007, the ward has an estimated population of 45,543 and a density of 3,912 persons per km², making it by far the least populated of the special wards. The total area is 11.64 km², of which the Imperial Palace takes up 12 percent.

Chiyoda consists of the Palace and a surrounding radius of about 1 kilometer. It inherited the name, literally meaning "field of a thousand generations," from Chiyoda Castle. Many government institutions, such as the Diet, Prime Minister's residence, and Supreme Court, are located in Chiyoda, as are Tokyo landmarks such as Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo Station, and the Budokan. Fifteen embassies are located in Chiyoda.

The Chiyoda ward was created on March 15, 1947 by the unification of Kanda Ward and Kōjimachi Ward . It has been a site of a number of historical events.

In 1860, the assassination of Ii Naosuke took place outside the Sakurada Gate of the Imperial Palace.
In 1932, assassins attacked and killed prime minister Inukai Tsuyoshi.
In 1936, an attempted coup d'état, the February 26 Incident, occurred.
In 1995, members of Aum Shinrikyo carried out the Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway.

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