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Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Salzburg's "Old Town" with its world famous baroque architecture is one of the best-preserved city centres in the German-speaking world, and was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city is noted for its Alpine setting. It is the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the setting for parts of the musical and film The Sound of Music, which features famous landmarks in Austria, but focuses mainly on Salzburg. Salzburg is also a student city, with three universities.

Place to visit

Old Town
· The whole Old Town of Salzburg was nominated as a World Heritage Site in 1996
· The baroque architecture including the many churches are world famous.
· The Salzburg Cathedral
· The fortress Hohensalzburg on a hill dominating the old town is one of the largest castles in Europe, with views over Salzburg.
· The Franziskanerchurch
· The St.Peter cemetery
· The Nonnberg Abbey a Benedictine monastery
· The "Residenz" Palace (the magnificent former Prince-Archbishop's residence)
· Mozart's Birthplace
· Mozart's Residence
· The University Church
· The Siegmundstor (or Neutor)
· The Getreidegasse
Outside the Inner Old Town
· Palace of Mirabell with its wide gardens full of flowers
· The palace of Leopoldskron is a rococo palace and a national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of the city of Salzburg.
· Hellbrunn with its parks and castles
· Tour companies operate tours of locations used in the film The Sound of Music
Within the greater Salzburg area
· Anif Castle
· The Basilika Maria Plain on the Calvary Hill, a late Baroque church, on the northern edge of Salzburg.
· Salzburger Freilichtmuseum Großgmain, an open-air museum containing old farmhouses/farm buildings from all over the state assembled in historic setting.
· The Schloss Klessheim Palace (today a Casino) was formerly used by Adolf Hitler
· The Berghof, Hitler's mountain retreat of which only the Eagle's Nest remains, was in nearby Berchtesgaden
· The Salzkammergut is an area of lakes in the Salzburg state, east of the city and further on into the provinces of Upper Austria and Styria
· The Untersberg mountain is next to the city, straddling the German -Austrian border, and on a clear day provides panoramic views of the city and the Alps.
· Skiing is a key attraction during winter. Salzburg itself has no skiing facilities, but it acts as a gateway to skiing areas to the south. During the winter months its airport receives a large number of charter flights from around Europe.

Jully 2003

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